Leila Baghdadi

Leila Baghdadi

WTO Chair Holder

Professor of International Economics, ESSECT University of tunis.

e-mail: leila.baghdadi@tbs.rnu.tn

website: https://sites.google.com/site/leilabaghdadi/home


Research topics

[1] International trade

[2] Political Economy

[3] International Migration



[1] Baghdadi L., Guedidi I. (2021), “Global value chains in the age of internet: what opportunities for Africa?“, in Adapting to the digital trade era: challenges and opportunities, edited by Maarten Smeets, World Trade Organization, Geneva.

[2] Baghdadi L., (2019), “Migration, Trade and Investment“, in Women Shaping Global Economic Governance, Edited by Arancha Gonzalez and Marion Jansen, CEPR and International Trade Centre

[3] Arouri H., Baghdadi L., and Rijkers B., (2019). “State capture in Ben Ali’s Tunisia“, in Crony Capitalism in the Middle East, Edited by Ishac Diwan, Adeel Malik, and Izak Atiyas, Oxford University Press, Forthcoming

[4] Ben Slimane, M and Baghdadi, L., (2019). “How internationalization affects firms’ growth in the MENA region? A quantile regression approach“. Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, Volume 39(2), pages 751-771.

[5] Baghdadi L., Ben Kheder S. and Arouri H., (2019),  “Assessing the performance of the offshore regime in Tunisia“, Journal of Economic Integration, Forthcoming

[6] Baghdadi L., Ben Kheder S. and Arouri H., (2019), “Impact of Non-Tariff Measures on firms in Tunisia“, Review of Development Economics, Forthcoming

[7] Martinez-Zarzozo I., Baghdadi L., and Kruse H. W., (2018). “Is Tunisia trade policy pro-poor“, in Trade and Poverty Reduction: New Evidence of Impacts in Developing Countries, Geneva: World Trade Organization and World Bank

[8] Baghdadi, L., Martínez-Zarzoso, I. and Kruse, H. (2016), “Trade policy without trade facilitation: Lessons from tariff pass-through in Tunisia, in Trade Costs and Inclusive Growth, Geneva : World Trade Organization (WTO)  Vidéo

[9] Rijkers B., Arouri H., Baghdadi L. (2016), “Are Politically Connected Firms More Likely to Evade Taxes? Evidence from Tunisia“, The World Bank Economic Review

[10] Rijkers B., Baghdadi L.Rabballand G. (2015), Political connections and tariff evasion: Evidence from Tunisia“, The World Bank Economic Review

[11] Baghdadi L., Martinez-Zarzoso I., Zitouna H. (2013), “Are RTA Agreements with Environmental Provisions Reducing Emissions?“, Journal of International Economics

[12] Baghdadi L., Bellakhal R., Diyae M-A. (2013), “Financial participation: does the risk transfer story hold in France? “, British Journal of Industrial Relations

[13] Baghdadi L., Cheptea A. (2010),  “Migrant associations, trade and FDI“, Annales d’Économie et de Statistiques

[14] Baghdadi L., Jansen M. (2010), “Effects of temporary immigration on prices of non traded goods and services“, Journal of Economic Integration


Policy notes

[1] Baghdadi L. (2020), “Tunisie-Afrique: 2,2 Milliards de potentiel d’exportation inexploité“, Leaders

[2] Baghdadi L., Medini A., (2020), “Unlocking Tunisia’s unexploited export potential”, ECDPM Great Insights magazine, Volume 9, Issue 1.

[3] Baghdadi L. (2018), “Quel sort pour les PME présentes dans les Chaînes de Valeurs Mondiales?: L’enjeu de l’harmonisation des mesures non-tarifaires“, Focus ALECA, Le Manager, Octobre 2018.

[4] Baghdadi L., Kruse H.W., Martinez-Zarzozo I., (2016), “La libéralisation commerciale est-elle toujours bénéfique?: Leçons apprises de la transmission de la réduction des tarifs sur les prix domestiques en Tunisie“, Note de Politique Economique n°27, NABES Lab

[5] Baghdadi L., (2015), “Les réfugiés libyens: une manne ou un fardeau pour les tunisiens“, Note de Politique Economique n°20, NABES Lab



Working papers

[1] Guedidi I., Baghdadi L., Martinez-Zarzoso I., “Trade facilitation and participation in global value chains”, in progress, presented on January 21st, 2021 at the Trade Policy Research Forum

[2] Guedidi I., Baghdadi L., (2020), “CO2 emissions, environmental provisions and global value chains in MENA countries”, Economic Research Forum Working Paper

[3] Cruz M., Baghdadi L. and Arouri H., (2020), “The dynamics of High Growth Firms: Evidence from Tunisia”. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9145. Background paper for High-Growth Firms Facts, Fiction, and Policy Options for Emerging Economies, World Bank Report, 2018

[4] Kruse H., Martinez-Zarzoso I. and Baghdadi L., (2017), “Standards and market power: Evidence from Tunisia”, Economic Research Forum Working Paper

[5] Baghdadi L., BenKheder S. and Arouri H., (2017), “In search of a new development model for Tunisia: Assessingthe performance of the offshore regime”, Economic Research Forum Working Paper

[6] Baghdadi, L., Ben Kheder, S., Arouri, H., (2016). “Impact of Non-Tariff Measures on SMEs in Tunisia”, ITC working papers series WP-03-2016.E

[7] Martinez-Zarzozo I., Baghdadi L., and Kruse H. W., (2016), Is Tunisia Trade Policy Pro-Poor“, 
ERF Working Paper

[8] Rijkers B., Baghdadi L., Rabballand G. (2015), “Political connections and tariff evasion: Evidence from Tunisia”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7336

[9] Baghdadi L., Kurse H.E., Martinez-Zarzozo I. (2015), “An estimation of tariff pass-through in Tunisia”, ERF Working Paper, 2015

[10] Baghdadi L. (2015), “SMEs, Trade and Employment in Tunisia”, International Trade Centre Working Paper, Forthcoming

[11] Baghdadi L. (2006), “Mexico-US Immigration: Do spatial networks matter?”, Mimeo